Which Version Of Linux – Linux is a powerful free and open source operating system. Since Linux is open source, there are many variants of it. In general, each variant is known as a Linux distribution (also known as a Linux distribution). You may have already heard the big names like Ubuntu, Debian, RHEL, Fedora, Arch Linux, SUSE, etc.
Knowing the distribution name and version is very important for users and system administrators. The information is important in many situations such as installing new applications or features, troubleshooting, etc. This guide shows you how to check the operating system version from the command line in Linux.
Which Version Of Linux
Here are some of the easiest ways to check your operating system version. Almost all of these methods should apply to all Linux distributions. These methods use the built-in tools and features provided by Linux.
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The file contains various information about the system. There are two copies of the file in two different locations.
Contains information in the form of a line-separated list of different variables. Contains information such as operating system name, version, release ID, build ID, etc.
Note that the result will vary depending on the Linux distribution. This file is only available if your operating system uses the extension
Print only certain data. The following command only prints the operating system name and version.
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Prints all operating system information it provides. Alternatively, a small report can be printed using the “-s” or “-short” flag. It omits the headers from the output.
This tool also supports printing one specific piece of information at a time. For example, if you want to print only the description of the operating system, use the flag “-d” or “–description”.
Command is responsible for managing the Linux system’s hostname and its settings. It can also print various system and operating system information.
Is another tool that you can use to report various information about your machine and operating system. However, the output is slightly more disorganized than
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Stores system credentials. It usually appears before you are prompted to sign in to your account. Check the contents of the file.
Checking the operating system version with /etc/*release command If none of the above methods were successful, it is very likely that you are running a very old Linux system. In that case, we have to take advantage of a very basic method to check the operating system information.
Here, cat reads and prints the contents of all files matching the template. You can check which files we are reading from.
This guide shows you how to check the version of the Linux operating system on your machine. Although there are many third-party tools, we can achieve it using only built-in tools and features.
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The version of the Linux operating system is important information. Generally, Linux packages are designed to work with a specific version of Linux in mind. Knowing your version of Linux can help resolve unexpected behavior or errors. It is also important when a new version of a Linux distribution is released. It’s simple, but important information to follow.
CSE student. I love Linux and playing with technology and gadgets. I use both Ubuntu and Linux Mint. As a free and open source operating system, Linux has spawned several distributions over time, spreading its wings to accommodate a large user community. From desktop/home users to Enterprise environments, Linux has ensured that there is something to be happy about in every category.
Debian is known for popular Linux distributions such as Deepin, Ubuntu, and Mint, which have provided solid performance, stability, and unprecedented user experience. The latest stable release is Debian 10.5, an update to Debian 10, colloquially known as Debian Buster.
Please note that Debian 10.5 is not a new version of Debian Buster, it is just an update of Buster with the latest updates and added software applications. There are also security patches that fix existing security problems. If you have a Buster system, there is no need to dispose of it. Just do a system update using the APT package manager.
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The Debian project offers more than 59,000 software packages and supports a wider range of PCs, with each release covering a wider range of system architectures. Strives to find a balance between cutting-edge technology and stability. Debian offers three main development branches: stable, testing and unstable.
The stable version, as the name suggests, is robust, has full security support, but unfortunately does not come with the latest software applications. However, it is ideal for production servers due to its stability and reliability, and is also suitable for relatively conservative desktop users who don’t really care about getting the latest software packages. Debian Stable is what you normally install on your system.
Debian Testing is a continuous release and provides the latest software versions that have not yet been approved for stable release. It is the development phase of the next stable release of Debian. It is usually fraught with instability issues and can easily break. It also doesn’t get its security patches on time. The latest version of Debian Testing is Bullseye.
The unstable distribution is an active development phase of Debian. It is an experimental distro and serves as a perfect platform for developers to actively contribute code until it enters the “testing” phase.
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All in all, Debian is used by millions of users due to its rich package repository and the stability it offers, especially in production environments.
Gentoo is a distro built for professional use and experts, who take the packages they use into account from the start. This category includes developers, system and network administrators. As such, it is not ideal for Linux beginners. Gentoo is recommended for those who want to understand the ins and outs of the Linux operating system.
Gento ships with a package management system known as portage, which is also native to other distributions such as Sabayon and Calculate Linux, which is based on and backwards compatible with Gento. It is based on Python and the port collection concept. Port libraries are patches and makefiles provided by BSD-based distributions such as OpenBSD and NetBSD.
Created and maintained by Canonical, Ubuntu is one of the most popular Linux distributions enjoyed by beginners, intermediate users and professionals worldwide. Ubuntu is specially designed for Linux beginners or those switching between Mac and Windows.
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By default, Ubuntu comes with the GNOME desktop environment with ready-made daily applications such as Firefox, LibreOffice, and image manipulation applications such as GIMP, music players and video players such as Audacious and Rhythmbox.
The latest release is Ubuntu 20.04 LTS, codenamed Focal Fossa. It offers many improvements and new features, such as a new Yaru theme, a new look and refined icons, great support for Snap packs, and a fractional scaling feature that supports high-resolution displays.
Ubuntu forms the basis for many other Linux distributions. Some of the distributions based on Ubuntu 20.04 are Lubuntu 20.04 LTS, Kubuntu 20.04 and Linux Mint 20.04 LTS (Ulyana).
With its ease of use and sleek interface, Ubuntu is ideal for desktop users and newcomers trying to understand Linux. They can easily start with the default applications, as mentioned earlier, as they seek to understand Linux better.
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It is worth mentioning Ubuntu Studio, which is oriented towards multimedia production. It is aimed at creative individuals who want to pursue a career in graphics, photography, audio and video production.
Linux Mint is a very popular community-based Linux distribution based on Ubuntu. It has surpassed its time to offer one of the most elegant and user-friendly distributions that both desktop users and professionals love. Despite the controversy surrounding the latest release – Mint 20 – which dropped snap support by default, Mint remains a stable, powerful and excellent Linux distribution.
Based on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS, Mint 20 is available in three desktop versions: Cinnamon, XFCE and MATE. Mint has discontinued support for 32-bit versions and is only available in 64-bit. Under the hood, Linux Mint 20 runs on the Linux 5.4 kernel with new enhancements such as improved support for AMD Navi 12, Intel Tiger Lake CPUs, and NVIDIA GPUs. In addition, the general user interface has been renewed with refined icons, new themes, higher resolution wallpapers and a modified taskbar.
New features include the LAN file sharing program Warpinator and the fractional scaling function for HiDPI displays, which produces sharper and sharper images. You also have other apps for everyday use like Firefox, LibreOffice, Audacious music player, Timeshift and Thunderbird.
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If you want a fast and stable Linux desktop for performing daily desktop tasks, listening to music, watching videos, and even playing games, Mint is the ideal distribution. Mint 20 is a long-term release and will be supported until 2025. We have an article on how to install Mint 20 on your computer.
Abbreviated as RHEL, Red Hat Enterprise Linux is a Linux distribution designed for business or commercial purposes. It is the leading open source alternative to other proprietary systems such as Microsoft. Red Hat is generally the best choice for data server environments