Which Linux Distro Should I Use – A few weeks ago I wrote and published my article ‘So I hear you want to try Linux’ in Netrunner Magazine. In this piece, I highlighted a serious problem that clueless users face when switching from the one-dimensional world of Windows to Linux. With so many distributions, package management systems, and desktop environments, it is incredibly difficult to navigate the hypercube called Linux. So let’s keep it simple.
Similar to my rather funny Linux world map, and I still owe you version 2.0 for it, I decided to create an illustrated guide for Linux distro newbies, a nice and beautiful dependency graphic created in Graphviz, showing the relationships of -family for the first thirteen to operate. systems, as listed by DistroWatch. I am proud to present this work.
Which Linux Distro Should I Use
Now, I’ve left out a lot of obscure and geeky options like 32-bit vs. 64-bit, live and installable CD/DVD vs. installable media only, or the finer nuances between the command line and graphical versions of various software managers. You only get the names of the popular distributions, what they are based on, their basic package formats, and the desktop environments they use. That’s all. Only four options. Sounds simple doesn’t it. Well, we’ll see.
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As you can see, it’s a nice colorful touch. No wonder Windows converters have such a hard time figuring out what to use. What is based on what, why and when, why so many different desktops. Are we going to talk about kernel versions? Oh, my.
And it is done. I hope you like this work. As always, suggestions are very welcome. I will add more options if there is popular demand. So this is a good opportunity for you to express your love, raccoon and recommendation. I ended up using a color scheme that is somewhat similar to the supposedly predominant hue used in the distro’s logos and their desktop sessions, but don’t blame me if my RGB accuracy is a few points off. Anyway, I hope you like it. And don’t be afraid to show it off to your insecure Linux-curious friends! Whether it’s network and system administration, database management, web services, or other business functions, chances are you’ll need robust servers as part of your IT infrastructure. Traditionally, a Linux server has been the preferred choice for enterprise use. But which Linux distribution (or distro) is the right one for your particular use case?
Thanks to a number of properties inherent in the Linux environment, it is particularly suitable as an operating system for a server. First, Linux servers have an established reputation for stability, with the potential to maintain extensive uptime without the need for reboots. The operating system is also generally considered more secure than Windows or macOS.
As an open source device, you can get a Linux distribution from many vendors. You have more freedom to choose the combination of features and functions that best suits your particular circumstances, or to modify an existing installation to suit your needs.
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In terms of pricing, some Linux servers are available for free, while other vendors charge a fee to supply a custom-made operating system. Most free distributions also offer paid support services. Each Linux server distribution provides its own unique set of features and suitability for different business functions.
Ubuntu LTS has a significant market base, especially in the cloud, where OpenStack support makes it a popular choice for both private and public deployments. It is characterized by a long life and a number of options that meet the needs of a wide range of businesses. However, it also works well as a regular file, web or database server.
Ubuntu LTS 16.04.02 is a stable release based on the Linux 4.4 kernel that is supported for five years. This gives administrators the confidence to access bug fixes on demand without having to install major updates that can cause instability. “LTS” means Long Term Support.
For OpenStack, Ubuntu offers fully managed on-premises installations and standalone installations using Canonical OpenStack Autopilot for organizations looking to build a production cloud. Ubuntu Server 16.04 LTS is certified to host Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2008 R2 guests under Microsoft’s Server Virtualization Validation Program (SVVP).
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Certified images exist in the public cloud for most providers, including AWS, Azure, Google and Rackspace. If you’re looking to transform physical infrastructure into the cloud, Ubuntu’s Metal as a Service (MAAS) is available with support for Windows, Ubuntu, CentOS, RHEL or SUSE and existing DevOps tools like JuJu and Salt.
Server management can be done from the command line or from a third-party GUI such as Webmin. Alternatively, the Ubuntu Landscape management tools provide a web-based GUI that allows users to manage, deploy, and monitor thousands of Ubuntu servers.
The distribution of Ubuntu Server is free, but the Ubuntu Advantage solution gives users access to the online Landscape management console, real-time patches, the Ubuntu Assurance program, and several options of support. As of 2017, you should budget at least $750 or $1,500 per server per year for the standard and advanced options.
Sponsored by Red Hat, Fedora Server 26 is maintained by the Fedora Project as an independent distribution in its own right. Instead of taking an LTS approach, Fedora focuses on providing a short lifecycle server that gives administrators access to the latest technologies without having to wait for major upgrade cycles. New versions of Fedora have generally been released twice a year for the past few years. Automatic updates also include the latest Linux security.
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Users can transfer cloud-ready system images to Amazon Web Services (AWS), OpenStack, and Vagrant / VirtualBox. The role of Docker, which runs independent applications in a single Linux installation, provides container functionality. The Fedora Atomic platform is a cloud server designed specifically for containerized applications.
In line with other Linux distributions, Fedora can be managed via the command line, from a GUI such as GNOME or KDE, or via the Cockpit management interface (which is part of the Fedora installer ). Cockpit can be launched from any web browser using the server IP address and custom port. With Fedora Rolekit, administrators can deploy and manage ready-made server roles, eliminating the need to configure servers from scratch.
The online documentation is comprehensive and available in PDF format for offline reading. The community knowledge base and various other forums partially compensate for the lack of paid support.
Red Hat claims that 90% of the Fortune Global 500 use its products, and Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) is their flagship in this arena. The server package boasts a comprehensive set of cloud computing tools, including Red Hat Cloud Infrastructure, a cloud management option that allows users to create and manage their own cloud solutions. Management across multiple public cloud providers and hypervisors is made easy through Red Hat Cloud Forms, and RHEL offers support for the popular OpenStack cloud platform.
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Developers looking to build cloud applications can benefit from OpenShift, Red Hat’s Platform as a Service (PaaS). Customers with existing subscriptions can migrate to the cloud through more than 100 certified cloud providers.
During installation, users can initially make any desired selections from the configuration panel, and the installer then proceeds to completion without requiring any further input. Red Hat offers a choice of six basic server environments, including a minimal server, a GUI server, and a basic web server. You can customize installations by adding DNS, databases, additional server roles, and various tools.
The Red Hat Satellite management tool provides a single dashboard that allows users to configure, provision, verify and manage software updates for thousands of servers. However, keep in mind that the Red Hat Satellite framework alone will cost you about $10,000 per year. And the Smart Management Add-On subscription for each system within Red Hat Satellite costs an additional $200 per server.
At the more modest end of the price scale, a basic Red Hat Enterprise Linux server with self-help support will set you back around $350. With basic support, this rises to around $750. Red Hat Enterprise Linux for Virtual Datacenters (starting at $2,499 with standard support) is recommended for organizations running many guest virtual machines. Customers put off by enterprise-level pricing can use a third-party tool like Cockpit for management.
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If you already use Oracle products, this is for you. Oracle Linux fully integrates with Red Hat (on which it is based). There is also support for two different OpenStack kernels and tools for building cloud computing platforms.
Many of the company’s websites, including Oracle Cloud and some of its Oracle Engineering Systems, run on Oracle Linux, which has been tested and optimized for use with other products from their stable, such as databases and applications such as Secure Enterprise Search, Fusion Middleware , and E-Business Suite.
OpenStack is available as a free download that can be used to manage both physical and virtual servers in an Oracle Linux production environment. There is tight integration with Oracle Cloud and its Platform as a Service (PaaS), Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), and Software as a Service (SaaS) offerings.