What Is Samba In Linux

What Is Samba In Linux – The writer has selected the Tech Education Fund to receive a grant as part of the Writing for Grants program.

Samba is an open source implementation of the SMB/CIFS network protocol used in the Windows environment for shared services such as file and printer access and Active Directory. Samba can also be used to create cross-platform file sharing in a configuration called a

What Is Samba In Linux

In this guide you will install and configure a standalone Samba server to network stores or

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For a small organization called Example.com. This organization has several requirements for data sharing: 1. All employees need private personal data; 2. All employees must have read and write access to shared files; 3. The administrative user must have read and write access to each individual part and property of the share.

Your Samba server will meet all these requirements. You will also learn how to access the share on Windows, Linux and macOS.

Before installing the new packages, let’s update the local packages to include the latest updates from the Ubuntu repositories:

Not needed for this tutorial, so in the interest of security you can stop and disable it with

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To avoid security issues that can arise from an unconfigured, network-enabled service, let’s stop the Samba server until the configuration details are in place:

, let’s check the available interfaces to tell Samba what it needs to know. Type the following:

Is the external network interface, although your external interface may be different. Remember both: you will record them

If you want to understand more when you are setting up the server, continue the lines below for the

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This sets the log level to 3 (info), which increases the granularity of the log information from the default setting of 1. The higher setting of 5 for the

Section is all that is needed to start the Samba server. However, his work will be limited without a joint venture. An expression has two parts, the user and the name, both of which must be created and configured to allow access and testing. The next section will explain how to create users who can access the share.

In this step we will create users who can access the share. They will have access to Samba and user systems to authenticate with the Samba server when they log in and read and write to the file system.

In the hypothetical company Example.com, there are four employees who need to be added to the Samba server and created as users of the Linux system: david, mike, jane, and lucy. In addition to these four, there will be an admin user who can access and manage the shared identity. These users will also have shared accounts that anyone can access.

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The first step in adding system users is to create a home directory for each of them. Instead of using the default home directories of

. Keeping Samba files in one place and separate from other user files will make future management as well as backups easier.

Note: The user created in this guide does not need SSH access. If your users already have accounts on the server, you will need to create a dedicated Samba user to follow these instructions.

The next section will explain the procedure for adding the first user, david, but you will need to repeat this procedure for mike, jane, and lucy.

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The first step is to create a directory where the Samba files will be stored, based on the file system. This book will be mentioned

You will be prompted for a password when you run this command. Choose a unique, non-dictionary based password of 10 characters or more.

Now that the user david exists, you can set the ownership and permissions of his Samba home directory:

Will inherit the group membership of the parent folder rather than the original user group that created the file or folder. This means that, for example, if the admin user has created a new folder in david’s folder, david can read and write there.

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Then add David to the Samba server. Samba maintains its own database of usernames and passwords, which it uses to authenticate logins. To log in, all users must be added to the Samba server and enabled. Follow the steps below

The password you enter here will be used to access the Samba share, and may be different from the system password.

The user David now appears as the system user who cannot SSH into the server. It has a home directory of

In addition to creating an admin user, let’s create a group called admins to manage the server more easily. With read and write permissions for each share, this group can easily work on adding and removing users. For example, if a user works as an admin user and then leaves the organization, they must be removed individually from all shares. New administrators must also be manually added to each part. Creating an administrator group and giving this group read-write access to the share means that adding and removing users should be just one command.

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Run the following command to create a new group named admins and add the admin user to this group:

The installation process is now complete, with the organization’s Example.com user installed as system and Samba users. Let’s continue to configure the Samba server so that users can access their shared folder.

Add the following distribution to david, defining his home directory, permissions for this list of group members, and users who should have access to his shares:

Group read-write access to the share gives all users access to the share, since they were added to this group when they were created.

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Now the Samba server is running and ready to accept logins. The next step is to login to the Samba server to test that it works as expected. The following sections will log into a Samba server from Windows, Linux, and macOS.

In this section we will talk about how to access the Samba share we created from Linux, Windows and macOS.

Enter Samba from the command line. This package is not included by default in most Linux distributions, so you need to install it using your local package manager.

Command, you will be prompted for the Samba password and enter the command line interface that resembles the FTP script interface:

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This interface is most important for testing usernames and passwords and read-write access. For example, you can create a list and enter the contents as follows:

Managing shared files is often easier with a GUI tool. The next section will look at the built-in GUI tools for KDE.

Now you can use Samba share as it is local folder to copy, delete and rename files and folders. The share will also appear as a permanent location in Network Settings.

MacOS comes pre-installed with a command line tool that you can use to access Samba shares. Open a terminal with Launchpad by clicking on the terminal icon.

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This will open a command prompt in your home directory. To configure a Samba share, you can create a new directory that will act as a point for the share. A mount point is where two systems are connected: in this case, your local file and the remote Samba.

The folder will now show the contents of the david folder on Example.com’s Samba server. Files and lists can be edited using traditional tools such as

Folder will be available from root after the share is mounted. So you have to use it

When this command is entered, you will be prompted for David’s username and password. After entering this, you will receive a confirmation that the sharing has been completed successfully:

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You will now be able to browse the Samba folder in File Explorer and manage files and folders as they are on your computer.

Windows 10 also has the ability to connect to a Samba share. The following steps will connect you to your Samba share and save it as a bookmark using Windows File Explorer. Begin these steps by opening File Explorer:

File Explorer will now connect to the Samba folder. When the connection is complete, a new location will be created under This PC in File Explorer:

Now you can use this folder to manage files and folders in Samba as if it were a local folder.

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In this article, you have created cross-platform online file sharing with Samba server. You can also access these shares from Windows, Linux and macOS.

Samba shares have become so versatile that many applications can access the files stored in them. These applications can continue to work and benefit from your Samba shares. For example, the mobile media player VLC can connect to and stream music and video from your Samba share. To access it, choose Open MRL