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Command, a useful tool that allows us to define a list of files, set the level of data compression and create a compressed archive.
How To Zip The File In Linux
Once you’re familiar with these commands, it’s a good idea to work with the example test files and folders, and you should take extra care to make sure you’re following the instructions correctly.
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All the instructions on how to do this will work on most Linux machines. We used Ubuntu 20.04 installation but how can you run it on Raspberry Pi. All methods are done through Terminal. You can open a terminal window on most Linux machines by clicking
To begin, let’s create an empty test file and then upload it to the database. We will use it
1. Create a test directory where we can test the commands. Change folders so you are in the new folder.
Command, create a zip archive of the newly created files. To create a zip archive, we simply use the command
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After the name we give the archive and then the list of files we want to include in the archive. The following command will create a zip archive named
And the archive contains three test files. Note that we don’t need to add the archive suffix
A command with arguments that adds a specific file type to the archive. This is a powerful feature that can be easily accessed from the command line.
1. Delete any previous test archives and check that you still have the original three test files. Note that when creating a ZIP archive, you must include the .zip file extension when referring to an existing archive.
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Often we need to create a zip archive with a folder containing files, we can do this by adding a repeating comment.
1. Delete the archive inside the test_directory but keep the other files. To avoid confusion, it may be a good practice to delete the archive leaving the original files we created.
2. Go to a folder and check that you are not in the folder to save. We cannot be in the folder we want to add to the archive.
Say you see verbose output explaining each step of the command as it descends into folders and files and folders.
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(silent) argument to suppress verbose output. You should notice that there are no steps mentioned in the terminal to create this archive this time. then use it
The command uses a compression value of 6 taken from a range of 0-9 where 0 is no compression and 9 is the highest acceptable level. We can simply add a numeric argument to change the compression level.
1. Add random data to test file. Currently our test1.txt, test2.h and test3.c files are empty. They have zero data but can add random “garbage data” to the file using a quick terminal command that will dump 64MB of each file.
2. Go back to the parent directory and create a new zip archive with compression level 6.
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3. Create another archive with the same content but increase the compression level to 9. View the details of the new archive and use the previous archive
You should notice that the size of the new archive is smaller than the previous archive because the data compression has increased.
1. Create a test directory containing the test files. After creating the test folder and the document, check that the file is created using
The command has two arguments, the name of the archive we want to create and the source file to put in the archive.
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In a special folder. We can specify relative or absolute positions. In this example, we retrieve the contents of the music folder using the associated path. We can also pass absolute path which gives the absolute path to the target location. After extracting the archive, go to the specified folder and use it
You now have several options when creating a ZIP archive in the Linux terminal. The ability to select specific file types and set compression levels in the terminal emulator provides quick access to powerful tools that are often difficult to find in GUI applications.
Joe Hinchliffe is a UK-based freelance writer for Tom’s Hardware US. His writing focuses on tutorials for the Linux command line. Modern application hosting test setup. For a limited time, your first $20 comes from us.
Restoring a backup from a ZIP file – such as that produced by the downloadable backup feature – can sometimes be a lengthy process. If you extract a ZIP file locally on your computer before uploading the backup with SFTP, you may run into a bottleneck because SFTP can only transfer a limited number of files at once.
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Instead of extracting the zip file locally and uploading the unzipped folder, it is often faster to upload the zip file to the server before extracting it.
In this article, we will explain how to unlock files uploaded to the server using SSH. For our example, we will extract a backup file on a server, but the same technique can be used to open a zip file on any Linux server.
The first step is to login to your server with SSH. To do this, you need an SSH client such as the built-in Terminal app on macOS and Linux or the free PuTTY client on Windows, and SSH login details – IP address, username, password (optional) and ports.
You may wonder why passwords are an option. When logging into your server with SSH, there are two authentication methods – password and public key authentication. The password verification method uses a plain text password.
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Public key authentication is considered a more secure alternative to password authentication. The public key authentication method requires you to create a key pair – a public key and a private key. The public key is uploaded to the server, while the private key is stored locally on your computer. During the SSH login process, the cryptographic link between the two keys is verified to authenticate the user.
Users can upload their SSH keys from the Dashboard. If you are using a different service provider, we recommend that you review the documentation related to how to upload SSH keys to the server.
Now that the differences between passwords and public key authentication are covered, let’s move on to the SSH login process. For users, SSH login details along with full SSH terminal commands are provided in My Dashboard.
If you’re using a different web host or server provider, SSH details are usually available on your dashboard as well.
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. If you do not use public key authentication, you will also be prompted for an SSH password after running the login command.
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Package because it is automatically installed on all our website’s servers. If you manage a server you don’t have
Once the package is installed, you can use the following command to install it – note that sudo permissions are required.
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The next step is to navigate to the zip file and extract it. To navigate to the appropriate directory, you can use the cd command as shown below.
We can use the ls command to list the files and folders in the current directory. In the screenshot below you can see
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There are two ways to extract the zip file. You can remove it from the current folder or another folder.
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Command, you should see several lines that start with “inflating”. This means that the unzip process has started successfully.
In general, if you are working with a zip file larger than 50 MB, it is usually faster to extract it from the server rather than locally on your computer. But there is more to extracting zip files because using SSH and Terminal is useful for several use cases besides restoring backups.
The ability to extract ZIP files in Terminal via SSH can speed up your workflow – especially if you’re uploading a lot of files. With the SSH commands listed in this article, you’ll be able to quickly restore backups and transfer content without waiting for long SFTP transfers.
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Try yourself for $20 in the first month of application hosting or data hosting. Browse our plans or talk to sales to find out what works best for you. It’s a simple task, extracting and extracting a file on Linux can be a completely different task. Unlike Windows,