How To Use Linux On Chromebook – You are here: Home / Apps / MX Linux: Installing the #1 Linux Distro on Chromebook [VIDEO]
We’ve been doing a lot of work around Chrome Unboxed lately. With the recent update to Linux containers in Chrome OS, many Chromebooks can use QEMU/KVM to run a secondary operating system via a virtual machine. All of this can be done locally on your Chromebook’s internal storage, and it’s actually pretty easy to do. Over the past few weeks, I’ve installed the full version of Windows 10 Home, as well as a few different Linux distributions. We have some requests to see the actual process and how different operating systems perform in a VM environment. So, today we will get acquainted with the installation of the most popular Linux distro in two years. MX Linux
How To Use Linux On Chromebook
There is no reliable way to determine the most popular Linux distro based on its user base, as most distros can be downloaded for free from their communities or creators. However, DistroWatch is the main website to look at the popularity of the biggest Linux distros. For the past two years, Debian-based MX has been hands down the champion of Linux people. It is based solely on page hits published on the DistroWatch website, but many users consider it a legitimate basis for OS popularity ratings. However, I decided that MX Linux would be the best choice for this video, which will be the first in a series of Linux distros on Chrome OS. Check out the walkthrough and scroll down the page to grab all the commands you need to try it out for yourself. While you’re looking, it would be a good time to install Linux apps on your Chromebook. You can find that tutorial here.
How To Install Linux On A Chromebook
Okay here’s one thing I failed to mention before I get into the video, and it’s very important because it will determine whether or not your device can run Virtual Machine Manager. I mentioned the updated thing on the Linux container. Not all devices have this update yet. The update was for a Linux container used within a Linux container, namely Christine. This kernel may or may not have the same kernel version as the Chromebook. So you have to check the kernel version from the Linux terminal and not from the kernel shell. To do this, open your Linux terminal and type
And press enter. As far as I can tell, you need at least kernel version 4.19 or newer to use QEMU and run a VM. For example, my device has kernel version 5.4.57. If you’re ready to go, let’s go for it.
First, you will need the .iso image for MX Linux. There are a few handles to choose from, but I went with the latest stable build for this project. You can get it from SourceForge here. Download that file and then copy it to the Linux folder in your Chrome OS Files app. Once that’s done, it’s time to install Virtual Machine Manager, QEMU, and the additional components needed to run the VM. You can install everything at once with the following commands. Just paste the entire command into your Linux terminal. (Right click to paste.)
This setup will take a few minutes, but once it’s done, you should see Virtual Machine Manager in your Chrome OS app drawer. If you don’t see it, just open the launcher and type “virtual” in the search bar. Open the VM Manager and click the icon under “File” to create a new VM. You should see an option for “Local Installation Media”. Select it and click Next. Click Browse Now, and then select Local Search. You should see the .iso file that you placed in the Linux folder. Select it and open it. At the bottom, you should see a prompt to select the OS you have installed. MX Linux will not appear in the list, so check the auto-detect option and type “general” to find the general installation option. Select it and click Next.
Must Have Terminal Commands For Linux On Your Chromebook
Next, you’ll select the amount of RAM and CPU cores you want to use. If you plan to install MX Linux and use it regularly, I recommend giving it as many resources as you can. It doesn’t matter if the VM isn’t running. Finally, select the amount of memory you want to allocate to the VM. I go with at least 20-25GB to leave room for apps. Click Next and then Finish. After a few minutes, you’ll be greeted with the MX Linux splash screen, where you can install the OS to use as a live image, or you can go ahead and install it on your device. Since I’m not familiar with the distribution, I’ll be running MX Linux for a few days. Next, we bring you another video of the operating system, so you can see how a Linux distro runs on Chrome OS in a VM. Chrome OS pre-installed on Chromebooks is becoming more and more open. Google now allows installing Linux – at least that’s what the new beta feature calls it. Here’s what’s really behind it, and how to install real Linux on your Chromebook instead.
Google has released a new beta feature for some Chromebooks. With so-called Linux (beta), software developers will be able to use familiar Linux applications on Chromebooks. This includes, in particular, command line tools, code editors, and development environments.
If it works for you, enable Linux (beta) in settings. If not, skip to the last section and install real Linux on your Chromebook.
Now the Linux terminal opens. There you can run Unix commands and install tools and configure your shell with APT, the package management system known from Debian derivatives like Ubuntu.
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All Linux applications live in a common sandbox, so they can communicate seamlessly with each other. However, access to the Chromebook itself is limited. Because it’s not your Chromebook’s command line. because…
What Google sells as Linux is not really Linux. It is still not clear to me how the system is implemented under the hood. However, it has very limited functionality and looks more like a cluttered virtual machine. Reminds me of what I know
Finally, our colleagues from Android Central managed to install the Software Center’s Gnome desktop environment. There are also many popular Linux desktop software available for free download, such as LibreOffice or Gimp. But don’t be too happy. Google has not yet provided a Linux beta with all Chromebook hardware features. Missing:
So if you want to install Kodi Media Center and then use it to play 4K movies from an external hard drive: Wrong!
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The official support page explains how to back up your Linux beta and fix crashes.
If you want to install apps better than just Chrome apps, there’s been a better way for Chromebooks for a long time. On many Chromebooks, you can enable the Google Play Store. The steps are basically the same as described above for the Linux beta.
In the Play Store itself, you can find the “CrossOver” application. You can install Windows programs there. CrossOver uses the “Wine” translation library, which already works very well on Linux and Mac, to run Windows applications. However, we have already written an article about CrossOver:
If Chrome OS gets in the way of your daily work, and even the Play Store or the so-called Linux (beta) system does not help, there is a way. Switching to real Linux on your Chromebook is especially valuable if your device no longer receives official updates from Google. This usually happens after five years.
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Looking for a cheap laptop? Chromebooks from 2014 and 2015 are available for incredibly cheap on eBay or Amazon Marketplace. With Linux, you have a complete workstation ideal for email, office, social media, as well as movies, streaming and music.
Before buying, you should check that your Chromebook works well with Linux. Fortunately, the list is quite long. The best source for such information is the GalliumOS database. This Linux distribution specializes in Chromebooks and Chromeboxes. It provides excellent support especially for the hardware features of the devices that you want to remove from Google.
You can install dual boot system on your Chromebook. So Chrome OS gets installed and Linux becomes available as an optional option when you boot up. For now, this may be a better option.
In preparation, you need the chrx command line tool. Follow the official step-by-step instructions to install it. During this installation process, it is already recommended to install the GalliumOS Linux distribution.
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Depending on hardware compatibility with GalliumOS, Linux can