How To Set Up Linux On Chromebook

How To Set Up Linux On Chromebook – You are here: Home / Applications / MX Linux: Installing the #1 Linux Distribution on a Chromebook [VIDEO]

Since then we’ve been working on a lot of changes to Chrome Unboxed. With a recent update to the Linux container in Chrome OS, many Chromebooks can use QEMU/KVM to run secondary operating systems through a virtual machine. All of this can be done locally on your Chromebook’s internal storage and is very easy. In the last two weeks alone, I’ve installed a full version of Windows 10 Home and several different Linux distributions. We’ve had several requests to see how different operating systems actually work in a virtual machine environment. So today we are going to present a Linux distribution that has been very popular for two consecutive years.MX Linux

How To Set Up Linux On Chromebook

There is no sure way to determine the most popular Linux distribution by user base because most distributions are available as free downloads from their communities or developers. However, DistroWatch is the go-to website for viewing the popularity of most major Linux distributions. For the past two years, Debian’s MX Linux has been the people’s champion. This is based on the distro’s pages on the DistroWatch website, but many users think this is the correct version of the popular operating system. That being said, I decided that MX Linux was the best choice for this video and will be the first in a series of Linux distributions on Chrome OS. Check out the step-by-step and you can scroll down the page to grab all the commands you need to try it out for yourself. While you’re watching, now is a good time to set up your Chromebook with Linux apps. You can find that tutorial here.

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It’s ok. Before diving in, I didn’t mention anything in the video, which is very important because it determines whether your device can run Virtual Machine Manager. I mentioned a Linux container update. Not all devices have this update yet. Upgrade to the Linux kernel used in a Linux container, also known as Crostini. That texture may or may not look like the font on your Chromebook. So you should check the kernel version from the linux terminal, not the crosh shell. To do this, open your Linux terminal and type

Press Enter. As far as I can tell, you need kernel version 4.19 or newer to use QEMU and run a virtual machine. My device for example has kernel version 5.4.57. If you want to go, come down.

First, you need the .iso image for MX Linux. There are quite a few to choose from, but I went with the new property for this project. You can grab it from SourceForge here. Extract that file and then move it to the Linux folder inside the Chrome OS Files app. After that, it’s time to install Virtual Machine Manager, QEMU, and other components needed to run the VM. You can install everything at once with the following commands. Just paste the full command into your Linux terminal. (Right click to paste).

This installation will take a few minutes, but once it’s done, you should see the Virtual Machine Manager in the Chrome OS app drawer. If you don’t see it, just open your browser and type “virtual” into the search bar. Open the virtual machine manager and click the icon under “file” to create a new virtual machine. You should see an option for “Local Installation Support”. Select that and click next. Click Browse and then select Browse Locally. You should see your .iso file that you placed in your Linux folder. Select it and click open. At the bottom, you should see a prompt to choose the operating system you’re installing. MX Linux doesn’t appear in the directory, so uncheck the autodetect option and type “generic” to find the installation section. Select that and click next.

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Next, select the amount of RAM and CPU cards you want to use. If you plan to install MX Linux and use it regularly, I recommend giving it all the resources you can. If the virtual machine is not running, it doesn’t matter. Finally, select the amount of storage you want to allocate to the virtual machine. I would go with a minimum of 20-25 GB to leave room for applications. Click next to finish. In a couple of minutes, you will be presented with the MX Linux splash screen, where you can configure the operating system to use as a live image, or you can choose to go ahead and install it on your device. I’ll spend a few days working on MX Linux because I’m not that familiar with the distribution. After that, we bring you another video of the OS in action so you can see how well the Linux distribution works in a virtual machine on Chrome OS. I have a 2014 HP Chromebook G4 that doesn’t have official support for Linux (Crostini), so I decided to use Crouton to install Ubuntu.

I thought some of you might be interested in this, so this article provides step-by-step instructions for installing Ubuntu on a Chrombook model, using Crouton. There are also some tweaks/tips and download instructions.

Crouton, or Chromium OS Universal Chroot Environment, makes it easy to install Ubuntu or Debian in a chroot environment on Chromebooks, regardless of Chromebook model and architecture. Using Crouton, you’re still using Chrome OS, but you can switch between Ubuntu and Chrome OS as needed.

Compared to the Crostini solution for Chrome OS offered by Google, Crouton has wider device support and can access devices. Also, compared to virtual, Crouton has no speed penalty as it runs naturally.

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On the other hand, Crostini is an official program and you don’t need to install developer mode (you need to be able to install Ubuntu or Debian on Chromebook using Crouton). Since your Chromebook is running in verified mode, Crostini is generally more secure.

It’s not safe to put your Chromebook into developer mode. Crouton supports encryption, but as the Crouton wiki page states, “encryption is only as strong as the quality of your password.”

Enabling developer mode may vary depending on the model of Chromebook you’re using. You can find instructions for turning your Chromebook into developer mode by visiting this page, clicking on your Chromebook model, and following the instructions.

From what I’ve seen, these are the instructions for most models: enter recovery mode by holding the ESC and Refresh (F3) keys and pressing the power button. After entering Recovery, press Ctrl + D (no information about this will be shown on the screen – you must know this to use it). You will be prompted to confirm and reboot into developer mode.

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From now on, every time your Chromebook wakes up, press Ctrl + D or wait 30 seconds to continue. Don’t press the space bar and reset!

Go to the Crouton GitHub project page and click the link at the top of the page to download the latest version of Crouton. This is a direct link to the latest (maybe different) Crouton download. Place the downloaded file in your Downloads folder.

Now it’s time to install Ubuntu on your Chromebook. To do this, open the crosh shell by pressing Ctrl + Alt + T. This should open a tab. Type:

To install Ubuntu 16.04 with the Xfce desktop (a lightweight desktop environment), which can be encrypted, use this command (do not run it before reading all the instructions on how to set it up):

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You can see all the available targets (not just a desktop environment, but also a list of predefined packages such as touch screen support, etc.) by running:

Crouton can also install e17, Gnome, KDE, LXDE and Unity desktops. Additionally, you can specify multiple targets by separating them with a comma.

The goal is to be able to run Ubuntu in a Chrome OS tab or window (not fast). This requires installing the Crouton Integration Chrome extension. An image of this can be found at the top of the article.

To apply for admission. For example, to install Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver instead of 16.04 Xenial Xerus, the command to install Ubuntu on your Chromebook would be:

Running Linux On A Chromebook

You can see all versions of Ubuntu, Debian and Kali that you can install on Chromebook, use this command:

To start Ubuntu (and the Xfce desktop environment) on your Chromebook, press Ctrl + Alt + T to open a shell and type:

The command used to start it will vary depending on the desktop environment you installed and will be displayed once the installation is complete. So if you have KDE installed, use sudo startkde etc.

Switch between Chrome OS and Ubuntu using Ctrl + Alt + Shift + Back and Ctrl + Alt

How To Run Linux On A Chromebook