How To Enable Linux On Chromebook

How To Enable Linux On Chromebook – When Google first launched Chrome OS, the operating system was basically a glorified web browser designed to run web applications. Over time, Google added support for running some offline apps and built-in tools that let you do things without an internet connection, like watching videos, making the platform more useful.

A few years ago, the company took the market to the next level by adding support for Android apps, allowing users to choose from millions of apps and games.

How To Enable Linux On Chromebook

This year Google started building support for desktop Linux applications into Chrome OS. Initially, the feature will only be available for Google Pixelbooks running Chrome OS in the development channel. But over the past few months, Google has added support for several additional devices… including the Acer Chromebook Tab 10, the first Chrome OS tablet without a keyboard.

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I happened to have a Chromebook Tab 10 review unit inside, so I decided to switch from the stability channel to the development channel and try out some Linux apps.

The Acer Chromebook Tab 10 features a 9.7-inch, 2048 x 1536 pixel display, 4GB of RAM, 32GB of eMMC storage, a Rockchip OP1 hexa-core processor, and a Wacom EMR digital pen.

It has a 34 Wh battery, a USB 3.1 Type-C port, a headphone jack, and a microSD card reader.

The tablet is aimed at the educational market, which means it won’t be available from Amazon, Best Buy, or other retailers. But Chromebook seller Promevo has it in stock, priced at $329, and CDW is selling the tablet for $340.

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Starting July 9, 2018, you will need to switch to the development channel in order to run Chrome OS 69 or later. Here’s how to do it:

Once it’s done, your Chromebook will download the update in the background, and you’ll be in the developer channel the next time you restart.

Remember, Google isn’t kidding when it says “concern.” Chrome OS 69 brings some new tablet-friendly features, including a redesigned Quick Settings panel with larger, more colorful fingerprint icons. But it also causes problems when using the touch screen in landscape mode (for example, when I open Gmail in the Chrome web browser and click the subject line to open the message, a completely different message opens). Fortunately, everything works fine in picture mode.

Anyway, once you have the developer channel, open the Settings app again, scroll down until you see a section that says Linux (Beta), and click the button that says Open.

How To Install Linux On A Chromebook

The next screen lets you know that the Chromebook will use about 300MB of space to install the Linux virtual machine. Hit the Install button to continue, and in a few minutes you’ll be ready to go.

I find this last step can be a little tricky. When everything is fine, Chrome OS will automatically pop up a terminal window. But sometimes you get an error message… Close, open the application launcher and you can see a Terminal application. You can open it to start using Linux commands.

Open the Terminal application and you will see a command line interface that works much like a typical Ubuntu or Debian terminal. In fact, when you run the lsb_release -a command, you will see that your system is running Debian 9.4.

I suspect that the command line tools that most people will find most useful are the ones that let you install Linux applications.

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Want to install GIMP to use this powerful open source image editor on your Chromebook? This should do the trick:

A few lines of code will fly, and you will be told how much you can download and how much disk space it will take, and if you press “y” for yes, it will continue with the installation.

Once you’re done, you can launch GIMP from a terminal window by typing “gimp” and pressing enter, or simply go to the Chrome OS app launcher and look for the GIMP icon.

Start the installation. Replace GIMP or LibreOffice with the name of the package you want to install and you should be good to go.

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I don’t have the Firefox web browser installed and I have issues with the Midori web browser. But just for fun, I passed it

Speaking of missing apps, another thing to keep in mind is that the tablet has an ARM-based processor, which means that some Linux apps may not be compatible if the developer doesn’t package them for it. the architecture.

Most Linux apps with a GUI will show up in your Chrome launcher. Links doesn’t have a GUI, so it doesn’t (you can do this by opening a Terminal app and typing

GIMP and LibreOffice Writer, Calc, Impress and other apps appear on the Chromebook Tab 10 mixed with Android apps and Chrome.

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Click an icon to launch an app, which should open in full-screen mode. In fact, on the Acer Chromebook Tab 10, all applications run in full-screen mode by default, as this is a computer designed for use in tablet mode.

You can run some apps in split-screen mode. Just click the app switcher icon in the lower right corner of the screen, and instead of clicking the current app you want to open (which will open full screen), drag the app to the side of the screen. It takes up half the screen and displays a list of other running applications. Pick one and it will fill the rest of the screen.

Not all Linux applications support split screen mode. I was able to fill half the screen with the Chrome web browser and the other half with LibreOffice Writer or the Terminal application. But GIMP can only work in full screen mode.

However, split screen comes in handy if you want to read a website on one side of the screen while writing a book on the other. This is true whether you’re using Linux, Android, or a Chrome-based text editor to take notes.

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Another thing to keep in mind about the Chromebook Tab 10 is that it has an on-screen keyboard…it’s used to cover certain parts of the screen that you might not want to cover.

Your tablet’s virtual keyboard looks pretty much like what you’d find on an Android phone or tablet. But the UI is different on Chromebooks and Chrome OS tablets. You cannot see the taskbar at the bottom of the screen when the keyboard is active, so you may need to minimize the keyboard to switch or close applications, etc.

When using the virtual keyboard in a Linux terminal, text may appear behind the keyboard. Minimizing the keyboard and then pressing the screen to bring it up again should solve the problem by minimizing the terminal window so that all text is above the keyboard.

Another thing to keep in mind is that the user interface of a Linux application may look a little out of place on a Chromebook. For example, LibreOffice and GIMP have menus and toolbars designed for Debian instead of Chrome OS. But you can still switch between apps, minimize or disable them like any other Chrome OS app.

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Currently, there is one important difference between Chrome OS applications and Linux applications: files are stored in different directories.

That’s because Linux actually runs inside a virtual machine. Google masks this fact by listing apps alongside native Chrome and Android apps in the taskbar and launcher. However, if you download Word or Excel documents using the Chrome web browser, you will not be able to start LibreOffice to open them from the Downloads folder.

Instead, you’ll need to copy the files from the Chrome OS Downloads folder to the Linux Files folder in the Files app.

Similarly, if you use LibreOffice to create a new document and save it to your home folder, you will find it in the Linux files area. In order to access it with other apps, you’ll need to copy it to your Downloads folder, Google Drive, or another part of the Files app.

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If you have a buggy app installed or don’t want to keep it for other reasons, you can use it

Note that Linux distributions have a habit of installing a bunch of required dependencies when you install an application… and not all of them disappear when you uninstall the application. So if you want to free space, you might as well want to work

Linux apps or want to start from scratch, you can go back to the Chrome OS settings menu, scroll down to the Linux (beta) section again, and this time when you click on that option, you’ll see a link to Delete Linux apps Working with Chromebooks.

From the menu below, select the option labeled Uninstall and it will begin removing Linux from your Chromebook and remove any Linux apps you have installed.

How To Easily Add Linux Apps To A Chromebook — Mickler & Associates, Inc

Whether. Linux hardware support for Chromebooks is a beta version at this point, and there may be more