How To Defrag Windows 7 – Your hard drive files can become fragmented if your computer runs slowly or behaves erratically, or if you have used your machine continuously without proper maintenance. Fortunately, there is a simple process to defragment your hard drive and boost your PC’s performance. Learn how to defragment your disk in Windows 10, 8, and 7, and keep it running smoothly with specialized cleaning software.
Defragmentation is an important factor in PC performance. Simply put, defragmentation – or defragmentation – is the process of rearranging files on a hard drive for faster access. In this article, we provide step-by-step instructions on how to defragment your computer’s hard drive. Before you begin, consider using an automated tool like Cleanup, which defragments your hard drive, disables performance-sapping apps, and deletes unwanted files. And if you’re a Mac user, check out our guide to defragmenting a Mac.
How To Defrag Windows 7
Defragging your hard drive on Windows 10 and Windows 8 is easy, and it helps to restore order to the files on your hard drive. Here’s how to defragment your computer:
How Windows 10 Defrag Can Help To Improve System Performance?
This may take several hours if you have a lot of files on your system, or if your computer has not been defragmented in a while. Leave it running and do not disturb – leave your PC alone.
Using third-party utilities and PC optimizer tools makes defragmentation—and general PC cleaning—much easier than routine maintenance handled automatically. These tools diagnose problems and determine fixes, saving you from defragmentation and other time-consuming cleanup procedures.
Cleanup is packed full of features to speed up your computer and fix annoying problems. With Cleanup’s dedicated defrag program, you can service your hard drive with the click of a button, or even set the defragmentation process to run regularly and automatically, so you never have to think about defragmentation again. is not necessary.
Defragmentation organizes your computer’s storage by consolidating files and other data on your hard drive. If there is not enough space on your disk to store the entire file in one place, the file is split into small pieces called fragments. Defragmentation puts these pieces back together.
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Defragmentation reverses the process your computer uses to segment data when you save files to your hard drive. Defragment your drive Reorganize files that were fragmented as they were written (saved) to your disk.
To better understand how defragmentation affects your PC’s performance, let’s look at the anatomy of a traditional hard drive. A hard drive consists of mechanical components consisting of several disks stacked on top of each other and rotating on a spindle. These discs – also called platters – hold the data. To retrieve data, your computer accesses the disc with read/write heads (similar to your grandparent’s vinyl record player).
Over time, the amount of fragmented data on the mechanical components of a hard drive can become dangerously large. Defragmentation puts these disparate pieces of data back together. The result is that files are stored in a consistent manner, making it faster for your computer to read the disk and retrieve the files you need, increasing the overall performance of your PC.
Figuring out how to defragment a computer seems like an unnecessary task these days. “Defrag your disk” sounds like ancient advice, a recommendation that was common on your old Pentium II computers running Windows 98. Then, “Defrag!” The regular advice was when your system slowed to a crawl. But even if people don’t talk about it anymore, defragmentation is still necessary for ideal performance, and it can save you from dumping an old hard drive entirely out of frustration.
Computer Icons Defragmentation Disk Defragmenter, Express Mail Service, Blue, Angle Png
Defragmentation takes the data scattered across your hard drive (above) and organizes it (below) for more efficient recovery.
Hard disk access is a highly mechanical process, even though so many other computer components are purely digital. And disk access is the slowest part of computing. It can typically take 5-15 milliseconds for your computer to access bits and bytes on a traditional hard disk drive (HDD), whereas data in modern solid state disks (SSDs) or RAM can be accessed in a fraction of a millisecond. ,
In addition to the time it takes to access files, the overall throughput of the hard drive is also low. Typical HDD speeds are 100 MB/sec for large files and 0.5-1 MB for small file fragments (which are more common in everyday tasks). Check out our detailed guide to learn more about the difference between SSDs and HDDs.
But the main point is that old school HDDs are extremely slow. So slow in fact that the rest of your system has to wait a while for the hard drive to read the data. This is especially noticeable when starting Windows, launching programs or opening large files. So operations on PCs with hard drives (which are still quite common) can feel very slow.
What Does It Mean To Defragment A Hard Disk?
In theory, any number of files on your hard drive can be stored contiguously on one platter. Perhaps, when your computer is brand new, it started saving files this way. But as you regularly move, delete, and copy files—and uninstall programs—the file size grows. Then, with all the extra data, your entire file no longer fits in the original space it was allocated for. The result is gaping, free space on your hard drive because your files have to be fragmented in order for all the data to be stored.
Imagine cleaning up your computer by removing five GB of data from your hard drive, leaving a gap of five GB in the middle of the space otherwise occupied by Windows, your applications and data files. The next day you download the next hot game, which can be around 20 GB. Your hard drive stores the first five GB of the game in the slot you recently freed, and it breaks the remaining 15 GB into pieces and stores it in the other free space or on the occupied disk.
Your new game is now split into two or more pieces, or fragmented. The read/write heads of your mechanical hard drive must now assemble the files for the game when you launch it. Stitching these files together takes longer than it would if the data were kept in one continuous block of information.
This is an oversimplified example. On freshly formatted hard drives and cleanly installed Windows PCs, the fragmentation level is close to zero. But in reality, your computer has a lot of free space. The operating system divides data and programs into so many pieces that it makes your head spin, so you should test your hard drive regularly to make sure it’s still healthy.
How To Defrag Your Computer
DOS or Windows 95 used to show you the gaps on your hard drive and how it was assembled. These old DOS and early Windows utilities no longer exist, but the concept and process remain.
Most Windows versions (such as Windows 7 and Windows 10) automatically defragment disks regularly. But if you are constantly working on your machine, Windows will never switch to this background task. Therefore, it is helpful to know how to defragment a computer – you can perform the defragmentation process yourself (see steps above) and check the fragmentation status.
On one of my computers the automatic defrag process did not run for 12 days and was 25% fragmented. This had a negative effect on performance, and defragging immediately resulted in noticeable benefits.
Other ways to speed up your computer and boost performance include using a registry cleaning tool or stopping background processes to reduce PC fan noise.
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Defragmenting a traditional hard drive is safe and easy, and it keeps your disks healthy. Regular defragmentation and other maintenance tasks help keep your computer running smoothly, and there is little risk of damage to your hardware or files, even if the process is interrupted mid-flow.
But there is no need to defrag an SSD. And don’t worry if you’re not sure if you have an SSD or an HDD. When you start the defragmentation process, Windows will tell you whether it’s looking at the hard drive or SSD. If you have an SSD, the Optimize button on the Defrag screen will perform a so-called TRIM operation instead of standard defragmentation.
TRIM tells the SSD which data blocks are no longer needed and can be reused (for example, after deleting a file). The next time an application writes data to storage, there is no need to delete the first block of data to make room. This is one way an SSD improves performance and reduces wear and tear.
Defragmentation is a great place to start, but it’s only one part of good Windows hygiene. To completely clean and optimize your computer, get a software tool to take care of the job. Cleanup is a lightweight and powerful effective tool that automatically organizes your computer. Clean gigabytes of unnecessary files, remove bloatware, and get